Dinesh Shah of Florida

Following is a reprint from “ChE Educator”, Chemical Engineering Education, Summer 1983
© Copyright ChE Division, ASEE, 1983.

Dinesh Shah of Florida

By Dick Dale and John O’Connell
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

Dinesh Shah is a rebel, a philosopher, an investigator of science, a poet and a man of two worlds. His heritage is deep in 5,000 years of East Indian culture and his devotion is to a fledgling nation of only two centuries.

“I was rebellious in many respects,” he says. “I didn’t like some of the traditional values. I was greatly influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and his writings. Before Gandhi we were a society of many castes where only people of low caste did manual labor. Gandhi said manual labor was good for everyone.

“We had a low caste guy who cleaned our high school and I guess he just quit or something. The school was dirty so I told the principal that I would clean it if he gave me the money they paid before. He didn’t see anything wrong with such an arrangement but it sent a shockwave thought the school.

“I was known as a nonconformist! But no one had the nerve to question me. I was the top student. I took that job in the eighth grade and kept it for four years. My brother continued doing it.”

Life for the Shah family wasn’t easy. The breadwinner was ill for a long time prior to his death. Money was short and sacrifices had to be made. Tradition gave way to survival.

“We had our own home so we didn’t have a rent problem. And, in India, the relatives pitch in and help. I know my mother felt bad. If you bought something in the market, it was proper to engage a low caste to carry it to your home. I couldn’t afford a porter.

“My mother said to come home by way of the back streets where no one would see me. I walked though the main street with my bundles on my shoulder.”

College for the young Shah was, in his words, something of a miracle. With meager savings, help from relatives and acquaintances, and money from academic awards earned in high school, he went to the University of Bombay.

“There was a special boarding house there. Heavily subsidized. No frills but adequate and at about half the usual cost. Even with that, in six months my money was gone.

“I walked on the beach one day, trying to find a way to solve my problem. As I walked I looked at the fine houses along the shore, and, without knowing why, I moved closer and studied the names. These were homes of doctors, lawyers and professional people. I saw a name! An attorney who had been prominent in our pre-independence movement. And I pushed the bell.”

The young man asked to speak to someone in the family and was ushered to an audience with the matriarch, a daughter-in-law of the late famous barrister.

“She listened while I told my story, that I needed work. Washing clothes dishes, tutoring children. There were no children of the immediate family but there were children of the staff. The servants.”

“Come every evening,” she asked,” and tutor the children. We will not pay you a salary, but when you need money for anything just ask.”

“I was overwhelmed! There were very wealthy, indeed. And they supported me all through my undergraduate studies. It was a miracle!

“In college there were two ways I might have gone, engineering or medicine. Cutting up frogs or other “living” things was opposed by religious sentiments and engineering appeared uninteresting. I settled for physics.

“But as time went on there was nothing exotic or mystical about physics and I became fascinated with a new area called biophysics. Physics applied to biological systems and processes. I thought that would be really good.

“That year the university started a graduate program in biophysics. I was in the first batch of four students who were selected and I spent two years at the Indian Cancer Research Center doing course work.

“When I moved to graduate study I expressed my thanks to my patron and said I could carry on alone. I had expanded my tutoring to college students and increased my earnings. My benefactor was delighted with my independence. We remained close friends.

“But in 1960 I applied for a doctoral fellowship at Columbia, in the United States, and was accepted. To go to America meant that someone must post a financial bond. A substantial figure. And, without hesitation, she accepted responsibility for my move to America. Much later, when I had earned my degree, I received a lovely letter of congratulations.

“When I first came to Columbia I was going to work in radiation biophysics. My first summer job, however, was with Professor J. H Schulman in the school of mines. He was a pioneer in surface and colloid sciences. And I got hooked!

This is a terrific thing! You can handle the molecule! You can measure the molecule! And you can feel them! You can see the effect of molecular film on the surface tension of water. I was really hooked!

Fortunately, the professor was also on the advisory committee of the biophysics program. I took him as my supervisor for doctoral research. I was exposed to may things in his laboratory that have enabled me to work broadly on such things as oil recovery, coal dispersions, pharmaceutical microemulsions, contact lens solutions, membranes and anesthesiology. Working with such a man was my second miracle!”

Subsequently, Dinesh held a NRC-NASA Resident Research Associateship to conduct research on chemical evolution and the origin of life at the NASA Ames Research Laboratory. Later, he moved to the Biological Oceanography Division of Columbia University and investigated the dispersion of oil-spills, retardation of evaporation and wave damping by thin films of surface active agents. In 1970, he joined the University of Florida as an Assistant Professor and was promoted to Professor of Chemical Engineering, Anesthesiology and Biophysics in 1975. He has continued his research love of the areas of monomolecular films, foams, wettability and contact angle, microemulsions, liquid crystals, improved oil recovery, combustion of coal dispersion in oil and aqueous media, surfactant-polymer interaction, boundary lubrication and surface phenomena in magnetic media, membranes, lungs, vision and anesthesia.

The initiation of a multidisciplinary research program on enhanced oil recovery jointly with other colleagues in the department was a major milestone in his research career. The international recognition accorded to this program is a reflection of his relentless efforts and dedication. In the summer of 1983, Dinesh was invited to present a three-day short course on enhanced oil recovery at the Imperial College, London. With frequent over-seas visitors and students from various parts of the world, his research group exudes a spirit of international cooperation and harmony.

Dinesh introduced one undergraduate and two graduate courses on interfacial phenomena to chemical engineering curriculum which continue to attract not only students from chemical engineering but also from other engineering sand basic science departments. He has offered special topic courses on membrane biophysics, biochemical engineering and enhanced oil recovery processes.

A treat to listen to, Dinesh has presented about one hundred papers at scientific meetings and two hundred seminars at academic institutions and industrial laboratories. The first slide of his numerous seminars (shown below) illustrated his approach to science and life. Besides being a keynote speaker on several occasions, he has won two outstanding paper awards at international meetings. Among his one hundred publications are two books he edited on enhanced oil recovery.

Dinesh’s breadth of quality contributions is remarkable. The University of Florida has honored him with its highest awards in each area of teaching, research, and service, and the Federation of Asian Indians in North America has given him its “Outstanding Achievement Award”.

“I am going to be an academic for my lifetime. I could do other things but I wouldn’t enjoy it. I like the freedom. And I like the personal interaction with the students. You feel you are shaping their careers. Essentially, you are expanding your family. It’s a great satisfaction”. The common bond of love, affection and mutual respect between him and his students in maintained long after the students leave his laboratory. Perhaps Dinesh’s approach to teaching, research and education in general can be summarized by the last sentence of his seminars a quotation from a poem by Tagore, which says “My friend, drink my wine in my own cup to appreciate it’s sparking bubbles.”

And Dinesh understands the meaning of family and appreciates the support he receives from the family in all his endeavors. His wife Suvarna and two children are frequently seen at the Chemical Engineering department. Guests at their home often meet other relatives. And, a delight for many visitors is seeing the costumed children dancing to drums tapped by their father.

Finally there is always a verse. Deep thought written mostly in Gujarati. Poetic philosophy drafted en route in airplanes and in infrequent quiet moments. Some to be published soon in two languages that all in his two worlds may enjoy. Of his adopted country he speaks positively.

“I like the general philosophy here in terms of the appreciation of a person for his accomplishments. That you are judged without consideration of origin, race, or creed.

“We see an occasional exception by and large this is so. You are allowed to become what you want to become. You are the architect of your life. There are no traditions or laws to follow and obey!