We develop fundamental knowledge and technologies to meet an increased demand for energy with minimal environmental impact. Examples of current focus areas include development of active and selective catalysts, advancing new strategies in membrane-based separations, and introduction of next-generation semiconductors for energy research.
Mark OrazemDistinguished Professor, Dr. and Mrs. Frederick C. Edie Professor
ELECTROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING The research performed in this group represents applications of electrochemical engineering to systems of practical importance. In recent work, electrokinetic phenomena were exploited to enhance continuous separation of water from dilute suspensions of clay associated with phosphate mining operations. The technology developed in this project is intended to greatly reduce the environmental impact of mining operations. Our group recently patented a sensor, based on indirect impedance measurements, that can detect corrosion of post-tensioned tendons in segmentally constructed bridges.
ELECTROCHEMICAL IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCOPY Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is an experimental technique in which sinusoidal modulation of an input signal is used to obtain the transfer function for an electrochemical system. In its usual application, the modulated input is potential, the measured response is current, and the transfer function is represented as an impedance. The impedance is obtained at different modulation frequencies, thus invoking the term spectroscopy. Through use of system-specific models, the impedance response can be interpreted in terms of kinetic and transport parameters. Through an international collaboration with scientists and engineers from France, Italy, and the United States, work is underway to improve the understanding of how impedance can be interpreted to gain insight into the physics and chemistry of such diverse systems as batteries, fuel cells, corroding metals, and human skin.
Current projects include a modelling and experimental study of the impedance of enzyme-based sensors for biological systems, use of impedance spectroscopy to explore the failure mechanisms for quantum-dot light-emitting diodes, and fundamental studies designed to enhance interpretation of impedance spectra. For example, in collaboration with French and Italian colleagues, our group developed a novel method to extract physically meaningful information from impedance data affected by frequency dispersion, a problem that had been unresolved since it was identified in the 1940s. Our power-law model, first published in 2010, has proven useful for oxides on metals, for human skin, and for water uptake in coatings. It is Now implemented in industry to assess the quality of raw materials for electrochemical fabrication lines. Our new understanding of the influence of electrode geometry on impedance response gives developers of impedance-based sensors guidelines for electrode size and shape.
Ph.D., 1983, Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California
M.S., 1978, Chemical Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas
B.S., 1976, Chemical Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas
Awards & Distinctions
- Fellow of the International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE), 2019
- Inaugural Triennial Claude Gabrielli Award, 2019
- University of Florida Foundation Preeminence Term Professor, 2018
- University Term Professor, 2018-2021
- Dr. and Mrs. Frederick C. Edie Term Professorship, 2018
- Exxon-Mobil Gator Chemical Engineering Alumni Professor
- 2012 Electrochemical Society Henry B. Linford Award for Distinguished Teaching
- Past President of the International Society of Electrochemistry
- Fellow of the Electrochemical Society
- M.E. Orazem and B. Tribollet, Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy, 2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, 2017
- M.E. Orazem, editor, Underground Pipeline Corrosion: Detection, Analysis, and Prevention, Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge, UK, 2014
- M.T. T. Tran, B. Tribollet, V. Vivier, and M. E. Orazem, On the Impedance Response of Reactions Influenced by Mass Transfer,” Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, 53 (2017), 932-940
- M.E. Orazem, B. Tribollet, V. Vivier, S. Marcelin, N. Pébère, A. L. Bunge, E. A. White, D. P. Riemer, I. Frateur, and M. Musiani, Dielectric Properties of Materials showing Constant-Phase Element (CPE) Impedance Response,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 160 (2013), C215-C225
- J. Jorcin, M. E. Orazem, N. Pébère, and B. Tribollet, CPE Analysis by Local Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy,” Electrochimica Acta, 51 (2006), 1473-1479. (2006 Google Scholar Classic)